Biological hazards also referred to as biohazards, are materials which can be potentially harmful to humans, the environment, or animals. These can include things like hypodermic needles, chemicals, or animal waste such as blood. When cleaning up biohazardous substances, the right procedures must be followed to ensure that the area remains safe.
Some of the materials that are needed in this process include:
1. Disinfectant wipes
2. Biohazard labels
3. Personal protective equipment
4. Brush and dustpan
6. Registered disinfectant products
7. Leak-proof container
8. Protection equipment such as gloves
The process of cleaning involves the following activities:
biohazard cleanup professionals should always ensure that they have the right protection equipment before anything else. Also, it’s vital to ensure that the protective wear doesn’t have any holes and that it fits snugly.
The brush and dustpan or tongs can then be used to get rid of any sharp materials such as glass that is capable of puncturing the protective wear. The shards should be placed in the leak-proof container for safety.
Used durable cloth towels to absorb as much blood as possible from the surface since the disinfectant won’t work well if the area is still covered in blood. Place the towels in a biohazard bag once through.
The disinfectant can then be poured on the surface and left for some time, preferably ten minutes. After the time is over, scrub the area with durable cloth towels and place them in the biohazard bag once done. More cloth towels are then dampened and used to treat the area one last time.
The clothes are then placed in the same biohazard bag, and the area left to dry. You have to ensure that the room is well-ventilated throughout the cleaning process.
Dispose of your gloves, gown, and glasses into the biohazard bag, and then seal it. Place the bag into a second bag, and then use a biohazard label to mark it. This should be done carefully to avoid contaminating other surfaces. Once the process is complete, the professional should dispose of the bag in a biohazard disposal container or contact a local health department for proper disposal.
Decontaminate any reusable equipment such as dustpans and brooms using the disinfectant and then allow the tools to sit for roughly 10 minutes. Once the waiting period is over, scrub the equipment and then rinse it off with clean water.
Do a check on your body to try and identify any signs of contamination such as a blood splash on your garments or skin. For effectiveness, you should get someone to assist with this procedure.
7. Wash hands
Use warm water and disinfectant to wash your hand thoroughly. You may also consider using disinfectant wipes after washing your hands as a secondary measure.